© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: A view of the Natanz uranium enrichment plant 250 km (155 miles) south of the Iranian capital Tehran, March 30, 2005. REUTERS/Raheb Homavandi/File Picture
By Francois Murphy
VIENNA (Reuters) -Iran is quickly increasing its capability to complement uranium with superior centrifuges at its underground plant at Natanz and now intends to go additional than beforehand deliberate, a confidential U.N. nuclear watchdog report seen by Reuters confirmed on Monday.
Whereas oblique talks between Iran and the US on reviving the 2015 Iran nuclear deal have stalled, Tehran has introduced onstream an ever bigger variety of superior centrifuges the deal bans it from utilizing to supply enriched uranium.
These machines are way more environment friendly than the first-generation IR-1, the one centrifuge that the deal lets Iran use to develop its inventory of enriched uranium. Iran has been including them notably at two underground websites at Natanz and Fordow that could be designed to face up to potential aerial bombardment.
The third of three cascades, or clusters, of superior IR-6 centrifuges just lately put in on the underground Gas Enrichment Plant (FEP) at Natanz has now come onstream, mentioned the Worldwide Atomic Power Company report back to member states. Diplomats say the IR-6 is Iran’s most superior centrifuge.
Iran has additionally shortly accomplished the set up of seven cascades that have been both not completed or at a really early stage of set up on Aug. 31, Monday’s advert hoc report confirmed. Finish-August marked the final go to by inspectors talked about within the IAEA’s most up-to-date quarterly report.
These seven cascades, certainly one of IR-4 centrifuges and 6 of IR-2m machines, have been absolutely put in however not but enriching, Monday’s report mentioned.
Iran has additionally knowledgeable the IAEA it plans so as to add an additional three cascades of IR-2m machines on the FEP, on prime of the 12 already introduced and now put in, the report confirmed.
Of these three further IR-2m cascades, set up has already began on two of them, the report mentioned.
The report additionally confirmed that every one the centrifuges enriching at Natanz have been nonetheless producing uranium hexafluoride (UF6) fuel enriched to as much as 5% however now they have been being fed with pure UF6. That contrasted to the quarterly report issued in September that mentioned on Aug. 31 the centrifuges have been being fed with UF6 enriched to as much as 2%. It didn’t clarify the change.
In 2018, then-President Donald Trump pulled the US out of the Iran deal and re-imposed sanctions towards Iran that the deal had lifted. Iran responded by breaching the restrictions on its nuclear actions imposed by the deal.
If the deal is revived Iran must put its superior centrifuges into storage, diplomats say.