Evaluation-China’s newly empowered Xi faces a frightening to-do checklist By Reuters


© Reuters. Chinese language President Xi Jinping speaks as the brand new Politburo Standing Committee members meet the media following the twentieth Nationwide Congress of the Communist Social gathering of China, on the Nice Corridor of the Folks in Beijing, China October 23, 2022. REUTERS/Tingshu Wa


By Tony Munroe and Yew Lun Tian

BEIJING (Reuters) – China’s Xi Jinping kicks off his third management time period with extra energy than ever, however a mountain of issues to sort out, from a dismal financial system to his personal COVID-19 coverage that has backed the nation right into a nook, and deteriorating ties with the West.

At residence, Xi, 69, should fill myriad jobs within the occasion and state forms after the change in management on the high of his ruling Communist Social gathering, following its twice-a-decade congress that ended final week.

The financial system, to be managed by a lame-duck premier till a parliament session in March, is beset by zero-COVID, a property disaster and falling market confidence after Xi unveiled on Sunday a brand new Politburo Standing Committee stacked with loyalists.

Traders will search for clues to how China will sort out financial coverage within the run-up to, and through, the occasion’s annual Central Financial Work Convention, normally held in December, which units the financial agenda for the parliament session.

Preliminary post-congress judgment was harsh: international buyers dumped Chinese language property on Monday and the yuan tumbled to its weakest in practically 15 years on fears that ideology more and more trumps development beneath China’s strongest chief since Mao Zedong.

Specifically, the hopes of buyers and numerous fed-up Chinese language that the top of the congress would see authorities start to dismantle the stringent zero-COVID measures had been thwarted by Xi’s reiteration of the coverage.

“My guess is that we are going to now see the ‘full Xi’ strategy to every little thing,” stated Scott Kennedy, a China skilled on the Middle for Strategic and Worldwide Research in Washington.

“That very properly may imply continued muddled financial insurance policies, since he’s clearly balancing development with fairness, safety, and local weather objectives, and higher tensions with the West alongside quite a few fronts,” he stated.

“But it surely additionally units up the chance that as China runs into extra issues, Xi shall be ready to dramatically shift course with out worry of being undermined by different factions.”


With Xi more and more targeted on safety and self-sufficiency, many China-watchers anticipate extra of the aggressive diplomacy that has alienated Beijing from the West on points starting from human rights and stress on Taiwan to assist for Russia’s Vladimir Putin.

Though seen as abrasive within the West, that aggressive strategy is well-liked domestically.

“I do not see China finishing up diplomacy another approach. It thinks it has discovered a profitable system, why change?” stated a Western diplomat in Beijing.

China’s technique goals to win over “swing” nations to attain United Nations votes, the diplomat stated on Tuesday.

“We thought our friendship with China mattered, however now we realise it has given up making an attempt to make buddies with the West.”

Washington stated it had taken be aware of the congress and confused the significance of holding open strains of communication.

Xi and U.S. President Joe Biden are prone to be within the Indonesian resort island of Bali subsequent month for a gathering of the G-20 grouping, however it’s not clear whether or not they’ll meet in individual for the primary time as heads of presidency.

Beijing has but to say if Xi will attend.

In the meantime, a sweeping U.S. ban on exports of semiconductor expertise to China additional fuels Beijing’s perception that Washington desires to comprise it.

With Xi warning of a extra harmful world, occasion watchers anticipate Chen Wenqing, his minister for state safety, to be elevated to China’s high safety position, a primary such promotion that analysts say suggests higher give attention to intelligence.

“Clearly we’re not going to see an easing of, as an instance, the aggressive dynamics with the USA,” stated Dali Yang, a political science professor on the College of Chicago, who warned of “group-think” in a crew of loyalists.


Having stuffed the highest occasion ranks along with his acolytes, Xi is ready to exchange leaders in key bureaucratic posts within the largest reshuffle in 5 years.

Sources advised Reuters that central financial institution chief Yi Gang is prone to retire subsequent 12 months, with Yin Yong, a deputy central financial institution governor from 2016 to 2018, seen as most certainly to exchange him.

Like many up-and-comers, he’s a former subordinate from Xi’s days as occasion chief of the japanese province of Zhejiang.

Different pro-reform policymakers excluded from the occasion’s new central committee had been outgoing financial czar Liu He, 70, and central financial institution occasion chief Guo Shuqing, 66. One other, Premier Li Keqiang, is ready to get replaced by Xi’s new No. 2, Li Qiang.

Additionally among the many newcomers is Ding Xuexiang, who was Xi’s chief of employees and named to the brand new Standing Committee. He’s broadly anticipated by occasion watchers to be confirmed as rating vice premier in March.

Not like current holders of that place, Ding doesn’t have vital financial expertise.

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